Niger is named after the Niger River. It borders Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Nigeria and Benin to the south, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. Niger covers a land area of almost 1 270 000 kilometers squared making it the largest nation in West Africa. More than 80 percent of its land surface area is the Sahara desert. The population is 15 000 000 and lives mainly in the south and the west of the country. Niamey is the capital and it is in the south west region of Niger.Niger is landlocked and disadvantaged by hostile desert conditions. The peoples that make the population have long and diverse histories and this has been exploited against country’s governance and development. Niger has had three stints of military rule after coups. Access to education is under tough conditions in Niger. She continues to have a poor rural population and small chances of making the land grow steadily.